Property Taxes in Thailand

Property Taxes in Thailand


Property Taxes in Thailand. Owning property in Thailand offers a beautiful lifestyle, but understanding the tax implications is essential. Unlike some countries, Thailand doesn’t have a general annual property tax. However, there are taxes that apply depending on how you use your property.

Understanding the Types of Property Taxes

  • Building and Land Tax: This tax applies to land and buildings used for commercial purposes or rented out residentially. The rate is 12.5% of the higher amount between the annual rental value and the annual assessed rental value determined by local authorities.
  • Specific Business Tax (SBT) and Local Development Tax: A combined 3.3% tax is levied on the sale or transfer of real estate used commercially within the first five years of ownership. This tax is waived for inherited properties.
  • Withholding Tax: This tax applies when selling property and is calculated based on the property’s appraised value or registered sale value (whichever is higher). The rate varies depending on whether the seller is an individual or a company.

Who Pays the Property Taxes?

  • Building and Land Tax: The owner of the property is responsible for paying this tax, though it’s often passed on to tenants in rental agreements.
  • SBT and Local Development Tax: The buyer is typically responsible for this tax, though negotiations during the sale can determine who pays.
  • Withholding Tax: The buyer withholds this tax from the seller and pays it to the government.

Important Considerations

  • Registration and Assessments: Property owners should ensure their property is properly registered with local authorities to receive accurate tax assessments for Building and Land Tax.
  • Tax Deadlines: Building and Land Tax is typically due in April of each year. Penalties may apply for late payments.
  • Staying Informed: The Thai tax system is subject to change. Consulting a tax professional can ensure you have the latest information and comply with all tax regulations.


While Thailand doesn’t have a traditional property tax, other taxes apply depending on property usage and ownership changes. Understanding these taxes and seeking professional advice can help you manage your property ownership costs effectively.

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